With the onset of winters, everyone from humans, birds, and animals start to make changes to stay warm. But have you ever wondered where the insects escape during the winters? The insects don’t have fats in their body or any other kind of protection that would keep them warm. If you are thinking hibernation, that’s not the right one as the insects don’t hibernate due to lack of required food and plant sources in the cold. They have their own little strategies with the help of which they survive during winters.
Some of the insects would fight against the cold in different ways, while some wouldn’t survive the cold. There are some arthropods which are found working on their reproduction cycle during the winters, while some are busy developing themselves into different stages to beat the cold.
Similarly, some might make themselves too cold from inside to fight the cold winters, while some would prefer sleeping with zero movements. Of all the seasons, winters come with another opportunity for these little insects to become guests at homes. Let’s check out some of the ways the insects adapt to survive during the cold days.
It’s Getting cold, Leave!
During the cold days, several insects migrate from cold places to warm ones. Some of the insects are mostly found migrating include the monarch butterflies, moths, black cutworm, dragonflies, and many more. The crop pests are also included in the list of migrants escaping from the cold temperatures. They are observed flying to warmer regions like Southern California or Mexico and return during the spring season.
The butterflies like adult monarchs are also found migrating from the colder areas to warmer places to prepare for mating phase.
Yes, this is also a common technique used by the insects during the winters. The honeybees, termites, ants, beetles, etc. who leave collectively to heat their bodies. They collect the required food and store it for the winters while they find warm homes in tree barks, under the rocks or even deep in the soil pits and rest there till the temperature get warmer. There are certain insects like wood termites that would move to dry woods during winter for shelters.
During this period, they generally lack the required energy as well as reduce productivity too. However, the termites are found to be reproductive during winters when they find mates and begin their nests, which is inside our houses only. They remain collective during the cold to keep each other warm.
Feeling cold out? Get inside
This might be little irritating to the house owners, but many insects move inside the house during winters to protect themselves. The names include the bed bugs, lady beetles, cockroaches, spiders, ticks, etc. Some of these may damage the house property, while some would just be looking for a warmer area to remain protected throughout the cold days. Again, that unbearable filth smell is also given by such insects that would surely threaten the owners. If the problem persists for long, consulting the Broadway Exterminators in New York City would give you a permanent solution.
The blood feeding mosquitoes are also included in this list who remain inside the houses and look for the best place for egg developing. Similarly, the cockroaches would love to spend the winters in the kitchen where the climate is also suitable, and the food is also available. However, as soon as the winters would fade, they would automatically migrate from your homes to open areas like commercial buildings, grocery stores restaurants, hospitals, etc.
Don’t Move, It’s Winter
Shocking, but true. Some of the insects stay still during the winters. That is, they avoid any kind of movements or say remain in a sleepy state during cold. Such insects are widely observed at higher altitudes or around the Alaska regions. The best example of such insects is the cricket that gets into a frozen state during the night, while it would resume to a normal state during the daylight when it is warm. Some other insects in this category include the corn stalks, queen bees, etc. The insects in this phase remain semi-active as through their inner warmth, the move in search of mates and food.
Similar to the frozen state, diapause is also a state where the insects simply rest during winters. The only thing that makes it different from the frozen condition is that during diapause state, the insects change their stages of growth cycle as the season changes. The best example of this state is the butterflies, which change their life cycle conditions as the winter begins. The stage of development includes the mantids, caterpillars, swallowtails, and finally the butterflies.
During Spring, the insects in their larval stage are observed surviving, while in the next stage of winter, the mantids are found forming cocoons in the form of larvae. In the stage of the pupa, the winters are spent, and finally when slight warmth is observed in the temperature comes the butterfly stage.
Surprisingly, some of the insects prepare themselves by getting colder during winters. During winters, such insects are found producing glycerol which increases the hemolymph levels in the body. Due to glycerol, the insects drop their body fluids below the freezing points, and in this way, they can tolerate the ice-cold winters. It also protects the cells and the tissues of the insects from damaging.
Popular among the antifreeze insects are the Antarctic Midge, bugs, Upis Beetle, etc. that remain frozen during the winters, and when summer is about the arrive, change their glycerol levels for survival.
These are some of the popular ways the insects protect each other during Winters. They might not harm your homes but may lead to some serious health issues. It is advisable to clean your house indoor and outdoor before the start of winters to ensure that they don’t start breeding in one your house’s corner. Taking professional help with saving you time and you will be ready with a clean and cozy house in no time.